Why Did My Deer Stand Deteriorate So Quickly?

Deer stands should be made with treated lumber and plywood or OSB.

I love to deer hunt and have many friends that do also.  In the US South we are in the harshest decay zone due to our high temperatures and humidity.   Therefore, any wood in contact with the ground must be naturally decay-resistant or preservative-treated for ground contact.  Second, wood composites such as particleboard are a bad idea.  The panels will swell and fail very quickly.  A better option is treated OSB or plywood.  Make sure your ladder to get to your stand is in good condition.  There are far too many preventable human deaths each year in deer stands.  Be safe!

Why Are My Nails So Rusty In Treated Wood?

Rusted fasteners have a thinner actual shaft diameter than a non-rusted fastener and are weaker as a result.

Damp wood can cause metals to corrode.  This is partly because wood is slightly acidic.  When a metal fastener is embedded in wet wood, conditions are created that can accelerate the corrosion of the metal. The corrosion products often result in slow deterioration of the wood surrounding the metal. Corrosion of the fastener combined with deterioration of the adjacent wood causes loss of strength of the joint and weakening of the structural integrity of the assembly. The exposed end of a steel fastener in damp wood quickly shows evidence of hydroxyl ion (OH-) formation. The exposed head of a metal fastener can become the cathode and the shank is the anode of a galvanic corrosion cell.

Dissimilar metals in contact with one another in a corrosive environment form a galvanic cell that results in accelerated corrosion of the less corrosion-resistant metal and very little attack of the more resistant metal. Thus, with dissimilar metals in electrical contact, the more noble metal becomes the cathode and the less noble one becomes the anode. Also, if the anode is iron, then ferrous ions can initiate degradation of the adjacent wood.

Corrosion of certain metals could be a problem in waterborne salt-treated wood in contact with soil when the moisture level of the wood is high.  This led to a resurgence in galvanizing and other coatings for fasteners and a reformulation of the copper in many copper-based wood preservatives.

REFERENCE: Baker, A. J., ‘‘Corrosion of Metal In Wood Products,” Durability of Building Materials and Components. ASTM STP 691. P. J. Sereda and G. G. Litvan, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, 1980, pp. 981-993. ABSTRACT: A description is given of the source of metal corrosion products that caus

Treated Wood Facts

Treated poles coming out of the cylinder and ready for distribution and installation. This photo is courtesy of: Mike Freeman

Want to know the secret for wood to last forever in an exterior application?   Many years ago, a colleague told me (tongue in cheek) that there are two ways to achieve this – (1) keep the wood dry and (2) don’t let the wood get wet.  However, since that is not possible in exterior applications, and only a small handful of wood species have natural decay resistance, we need to use preservative-treated wood in exterior applications.  It is important to realize the treated wood is decay and insect resistant and not decay and insect proof.   By the way, the same can be said of fire retardant treated wood.  The key for longer lasting treated wood is inspection and remedial treatments.  This is true for the homeowner with treated decks or the utility company with treated poles.  The inspection will identify the problem in its early stages and the remedial treatment will introduce an on-site preservative to stop the problem.   The inspection must be performed by trained personnel to identify early stages of decay, if present, and then assess if the damage has compromised the structural integrity if advanced decay is present.  Remedial treatments are excellent means of extending the service life of industrial products such as poles, piles, and cross ties.    Homeowners can also use them for millwork, columns, decks, etc.   A homeowner that is interested in remedial treatments should consider BoraCare (boron-based and very safe) or copper napthenate (very effective but has a strong odor).   Homeowners can also purchase Bor8 Rods and Cobra rods.    To use these products, you must first drill a hole in your wood, insert the rod, plug the hole.  Bor8 rods contain boron and Cobra rods contain boron and copper.  All of these products are non-restricted used pesticides available to the general public over the internet.   

Solar Dry Kiln

A common question among folks that have small portable sawmills is – how can I dry small loads of lumber?   Kiln drying lumber is an excellent means to add value to the lumber and make a small sawmill more profitable.  Many people that are interested in lumber drying don’t want to buy and operate a boiler and don’t feel that their operation is large enough to justify a dehumidification kiln.   Dehumidification drying is an excellent method of drying small to medium quantities of lumber.

Another alternative is solar drying.  A solar dry kiln is simple to construct and operate.  The USDA Forest Products Lab has already done all the research needed on how to build and operate the kiln.  The operator just needs to be aware of a few drawbacks.  First, there will be little to no drying on cloudy days so your total drying time may take longer than other drying methods.  Second, on sunny days you may have excessive drying so it is important to monitor the drying rate and use your fans and vents appropriately.  Solar lumber drying is no different than any other method in that you will need (1) moisture meter, (2) sample boards to monitor moisture drying, (3) scale or balance to obtain weights of your sample boards during drying, (4) a drying schedule.   Below is an excellent publication that summarizes how to build and operate a solar dry kiln.   Let me leave you with a few final thoughts on solar drying.  It is very important to understand that lumber can dry very fast or very slow in a solar kiln.  It can dry so fast that drying defects such as warp and case hardening develop.  Green wood that is put into a solar kiln has the potential to develop surface mold if the initial drying rate is too slow.